THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE.SKY-SUN-EARTH THEORY.DOG
by Ion Carstoiu
Carl D.Buck,president of Linguistic Society of America, in 1927 and 1937, wrote:''In the inhereted names of animals there is little to be said about their semantic nature, for in most of them, the root connection is wholly obscure. Specifically, even a universal Indo-European word like *kuon(dog) has a root connection much disputed and dubious''. And another president, E.P.Hamp, proposed a decupation from *peku-on''responsible for herds''. But acad.Al.Graur writes:''The old common names (of animals) were given with justification, but today we generally do not know it anymore.Even the linguists are not able to tell why the dog was given in the Indo-European language the name that become in Romanian câine(dog)''(Lingvistica pe intelesul tuturor, Bucharest,1972,p.161). In conclusion, the origin of the word dog ''remains one of the great mysteries of English etymology''.
I found a relationship of the word dog with the sun. 1)Am in Nicobarese(E.India)=am''sun''in Bau(W.N.Guinea). 2)Anu in Aymara =anu''sun''in Igede(Nigeria). 3)Ar in Almalu kali=ar''sun''in O.Armenian. 4)Au in Kedang(Indonesia)=au''sky''in Mbilua(Solomon Isls). 5)Biri in Araki(Vanuatu)=biri''sun'' in Kur. (Dravid.,India). 6)Chichi in Bribri (C.Rica)=chichi''moon'' in Kuna(Panama), both countries are neighbour. 7)Dag in Patwa(Jamaica)=daga''sun'' in Circassian(Caucasus). 8)'Ekwan in Tonkawa(Texas)=ekwan''sun''in Nauruan(S.Pacific). 9)Galu in Chichewa (Malawi)=galu''sun'' in Motu(PNG). 10)Gui in Kikuyu(Niger-Congo)=gui''sun'' in Niger-Congo. 11)Ha in Botlikh(Daghestan)=ha''sun'' in O.Indian. 12)Hi in Wancho(N.E.India)=hi'';sun'' in Japanese. 13)Hor in Budukh=hor''sun''in Persian. 14)Hu in Tabasaran(Caucasus)=hu''sun'' in Sentani(N.W.Guinea). 15)Il in Baadi(Australia)=il''sun'' in Korean. 16)Ilio in Hawaiian=ilio in Greek.17)Kala in Holupaka =kala '''the sun'' in Hawaiian. 18)Kami in Rotuman(Fiji) cf.kam''sun'' in Gipsy. 19)Ki in Breton=ki''sun'' in Siroi(T.N.Guinea). 20)La in Abaz(Caucasus)=la''sun'' in Hawaiian. 21)Ma in Lao =ma''sun'' in Sumo(Chibchan). 22)Mirri in Darkinyung=miri''sun'' in Australia. 23)Nap in Dusner(W.Papua)=nap ''sun'' in Hungarian. 24)Nay in Tamil, Gondi(Drav.India)=nay''sun'' in Dogon(Mali), nai''in Mansi(Obi,Russia). 25)Ne in Abipon(Argentina)=ne''sun'' in Burmese. 26)Ninik in Jebero(Peru)=ninik''sun'' in Rama(Nicaragua). 27)Nu in Ngabere (C.Rica) =nu''sun'' in Hmong(China). 28)Pas in Serbian etc.=pas''sun'' in Chuvok(Cameroon). 29)Pate in Madurese cf.pat''sun'' in Zulgo(Cameroon). 30)Pay in Baimak=pay in Kiowa. 31)Pes in Tur (Vanuatu)=pes ''sun'' in Goemai(Nigeria). 32)Poko in Hopi=poko-''sun'' in Maiduan(=pokom). 33)Sare in Oromo,Harar(Etiopia)=sare''sun'' in Kaipi,Toaripi(PNG). 34)So in Agala(PNG)=so in Koyukon. 35)Shun in Armenian=shun''sun'' in Manchu. 36)Tau in Andai(PNG)=tau in Huichol(Mexic). 37)Ur in Sumerian, Taikat(Papua)~uru''sun'' in Zande(S.Sudan), hur in Ossetian. 38)Utu in Nhanda(W.Australia)=utu''sun'' in Ojiga(S.Sudan), Utu, sun god in Sumer. 39)Wilka in Adynyamathanha(aboriginal Australian)=wilka''sun'' in Aymara. 40)Add in Alfendio dam(dawm)''dog"'~dum''sun''in the same language. 41)Dog is in relation to Circassian daga''sun''(and in Celtic too). 42)Russian sobaka is comparable with saba''sun'' in Klamath,Sardinian sobi''sun''. 43)For PIE*kuen/kuon see kan''sun'' in Ninatic(Connecticut), kon in Chimu, kin, k'in in Turkic and Maya,ekwan''sun'' in Nauruan. 44)Perro in Spanish, origin unknown, is comparable with parri''sun'' in Xinca and the final per from Kheper, Egyptian sun-god. Semitic kalb and Lithuanian kale cf.kala''the sun'' in Hawaiian+suf.b"'big''.
Why the word ''dog'' is linked to the ''sun''? He is an animal, has life(Armenian arew means''sun,life''), see also Greek zoe''life'' in my opinion='zoe''sun'' in Asmat-Kamoro(TNG). And the dog gnaws food(gnaw is comparable with Gnowee, sun-goddess in aboriginal Australian.Max Muller wrote:''The sun might be called the nourisher, the awakener...the dog, the wolf, the lion...''(Tales of the West Highlands,p.245). That is why the connection dog=sun is sure:the dog's name comes from the sun. The dog is eating with the teeth, but the sun also has teeth.
Uncertain. There are several possible theories.
Connection of the stem *pьs- with the root of *pьstrъ (“variegated”), and thus ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *piḱ- (whence also Sanskrit पिशङ्ग (piśáṅga, “reddish, tawny”), पिश (piśá, “sort of a deer”)), the zero-grade of *peyḱ- (“to paint, mark”) (whence *pьsati (“to write”)). Thus the semantic shift occurred "spotted" > "dog".
Proto-Indo-European *pḱ-o-, the zero-grade of the root *speḱ- (“to see, watch”) (by Meillet).
Proto-Indo-European *pḱ-u-; compare Sanskrit पशु (páśu, “cattle”).